Ganzi Daily June 26, 2017
Releasers by the pond.
Dead fish after release.
■ This reporter's text / picture
● Experts say that artificially-bred animals are almost impossible to survive in the wild, why are there still people going to turn release into "killing"? What makes this trend flourish?
● Blind release and random release occur. How to regulate release behavior? How to turn release into "nurse"?
In some parts of our country, as well as in neighboring Japan, South Korea, and Vietnam, there has always been a tradition of "releasing accumulated morals." In many places in the state, people have combined "good deeds, good deeds", "good deeds", and ecological and environmental protection concepts. The number of "release organizations" and animal protection volunteers has been increasing, and a series of actions to protect wildlife have been released It has also been given a new meaning of harmony between man and nature, and has been favored by many people.
However, in recent years, controversy and farce caused by release have occurred from time to time, and the damage caused by blind release has become increasingly prominent. Recently, our reporter visited the area of Kangding to investigate the phenomenon.
Don't be too capricious
Recently, the 万人炸金花 that the citizens of Kangding bought a short fish market and released more than 10,000 kilograms of fish on the Yalong River in Jiju Township has been widely spread on the Internet, causing heated discussions. After combing, the reporter found that at every 15th time node of the Tibetan calendar, the word "release" will become a high-frequency hot search word on the intra-state network.
On the 15th, the reporter found Ms. Xia (pseudonym) who participated in the release on the Yalong River that day, and she recalled the incident in detail. At about 4 am on June 9th, two trucks carrying more than 10,000 kg of carp, catfish and a small amount of catfish, set off from the farmer's market in Kangding and headed for Jiju Township. After nearly 5 hours of bumpy traffic, they reached the banks of the Yalong River, at which time more than 30 people were waiting for release. Everyone present was quite excited to see the fish truck arriving successfully.
Afterwards, the dying fish mixed with dying fish was "snapped out" from the van. A ceremonial scene took place. The people waiting by the side first wet the released fish with the water of the Yalong River, and then chanted In the sound, baskets and buckets of live fish were "fallen" into the flowing Yalong River.
"The unit price of fish released this time ranges from 2.6 yuan / jin to more than 10 yuan / jin, with a total amount of more than 100,000 yuan. As a participant, I don't know where the source of the fish stock came from. It cost 10,000 yuan. Yu Yuan was mainly to actively cooperate with the organizers of this release activity and participate in this 'disaster relief, prayer, and accumulation of blessing'. "Ms. Xia recalled the details at the time, but as for" these fish can Can't survive in the river ", she didn't pay attention.
However, after consulting a relevant expert, the reporter learned that warm-water fish species could not adapt to the cold water quality of the icy lakes and highlands on the plateau. Easy to buy stock fish. Tens of thousands of kilograms of fish released this time in the Yalong River, how much can they survive, and whether it will damage the river's original ecosystem and even cause environmental problems, there is no way to investigate in the short term.
Is such a "willful" release activity "blessed" or "bane" for animals?
Release Mocheng "Kill Life"
Follow-up investigations in rivers cannot continue, but there are traces in the "Release Pond". At noon on June 15, at 12 noon, the reporter came to the aquatic product stall at the Guoda Farmers Market in Kangding City. After some bargaining, he bought about 7 catties of yellow catfish (commonly known as Huang Ding) at a unit price of 14 yuan per catty.
In a conversation with a street vendor, the reporter learned that almost every month people come here to buy artificially-raised catfish, catfish (yellow carp), loach, carp, catfish, grass carp, etc. for release. Due to the large number of each purchase, The unit price of "Release Fish" is relatively low. And the largest recent "Release Purchase" also appeared on June 9 (April 15th of the Tibetan calendar). All the fish in all aquatic stalls in the vegetable market on that day were all sold out, so the vendors "rested for a full week."
When the reporter asked whether these fish could survive in the release pond, the street vendor replied with certainty that "these fish can be released and can live."
Is this really the case?
Later, the reporter took a taxi to Qingquan Village (Xingfu Bridge), two kilometers north of Kangding City, and walked to Xiaohaizi (small place name), which is called the "Fangsheng Pond". Looking around, the vegetation around the lake, about one acre in size, is lush and fenced at the entrance. Seeing the reporter carrying "release fish", a female caretaker opened the wooden fence and poured a small amount of water on the fish with a large beverage bottle.
However, when the reporter came to the side of "Release Pool", it was "silence" that attracted attention. On the banks, on the lake, and in the deep water, there are scattered scales and white fish belly, and the stench is heavy and fishy. Close observations show that almost all of these dead fish are captive released fish.
The reporter then asked, "Can the released fish survive here?" To dispel concerns, the woman guarding here told reporters to try fish feed. Later, the reporter bought two pieces of granular fish feed here for 20 yuan, and after throwing them into the lake, many fishes really poked out of the water to fight for food, and the water surface rippled for a while. At the urging of the woman, the reporter put all the yellow catfish worth 100 yuan into the pool
The pond was "vigorous" for a while, but if dead fish are not salvaged in time, it will inevitably cause water pollution and affect the quality of life of other live fish. The reporter reminded, the woman took out the appliance and began to salvage the fish.
However, on the return trip, a taxi driver informed the reporter: "When I took the freer here a few days ago, I saw hundreds of dead fish on the surface of the pool. After the rain, many of them were even washed down. In the Yarra River. "
It is no longer possible to prove whether a "tragic" scene such as "A Fish Filled with Ponds" has actually occurred. However, after consulting the information, the reporter learned that the size standard of a high-yield fish pond is 10 acres, and the carrying capacity of this at most one acre "release pond" is very limited. The formula for reasonable stocking density (or stocking volume) is: Stocking volume per mu of fingerlings = estimated gross yield per mu / (planned adult fish size × estimated survival rate). According to the national average level, the average yield per mu of adult fish ponds is 300-400 kg, and the yield per mu of intensive ponds is 500-600 kg. Based on an average of 1 kg per fish, a acre pond can hold up to 600 fish. Then, how much space can there be for various warm-water fishes to "squeeze" into this acre of cold pool?
Subsequently, the reporter collected from various sources and found the photos and videos of the large-scale release on June 9 in "Xiaohaizi".
According to a person familiar with the matter, the total purchase price of the released fish on that day amounted to hundreds of thousands of RMB. In addition to the "release pond" at the site, a large number of fish were "released" to the Yalong River and Dadu River. Tens of thousands of farmed fish suddenly left ponds and water basins that had been "admired and treated" for many days, and were "forced to be transferred" to completely strange environments. They participated in survival competition as "foreign species", and their endings were sent to the dining table. There is not much difference in essence.
If the release person learns that his behavior may be "killing", what will he think?
Release is in urgent need of regulation
In reality, there are many release behaviors around us that are very blind and even cause irreparable losses.
In terms of farmed fish, in addition to death due to unsuitability to the environment after being released, a large number of "accidents" also occur during transportation. If there is a long distance between the place where the fish is purchased and the place where the fish are released, the container is not large during the transportation, and the fish stock is dense, and the dissolved oxygen in the water body is often insufficient. Asphyxia, even if not dead when transported to the release point, may die shortly after being released to the river. The school of fish is dead, breaking the ecological balance and causing damage to the environment. The problem caused by "blind release" is obvious.
And taking advantage of people's goodwill to open up business opportunities and even generate order business, thus forming another side of the release of "interest chains" is also worth paying attention to. Many media have disclosed that in order to fulfill their wishes of releasing animals, some releasers will reserve the required animals with the operator → the operator will place an order with those catchers according to market demand → the catcher will then capture the order → The captured animals are then sent to the market → the operator sells the animals to releasers. This gave birth to the "one-stop" industrial chain and even "recycling".
The wind of release is so prosperous, but the original intention of "granding" has encountered a series of problems in the actual operation process ... This shows that it is feasible to regulate the release behavior and truly turn the release into a "care student". law.
Improving the system and strengthening management is an indispensable part of regulating release. In order to regulate the release behavior, relevant departments have promulgated regulations on the proliferation and release of aquatic organisms and the protection of terrestrial wildlife, and prohibit the release of biological species that do not meet ecological requirements. To eliminate this phenomenon, we must step up the improvement of the system, further clarify the review and approval procedures, management responsibility bodies, and consequences of violations, etc., increase the publicity of regulations, and actively carry out normative guidance.
The newly amended "Wildlife Protection Law" in 2016 added a clause on release: If you release wild animals at will, causing damage to other people's lives, property, or endangering the ecosystem, you shall bear legal responsibility according to law.
Objectively speaking, the release behavior is arbitrary and concealed, which brings certain difficulties to supervision. Therefore, the release of the standard requires the release person's consciousness to a large extent. For those who act in disregard of the existing regulations, especially those that cause mass property damage, strengthen accountability after the fact, and let the willful person compensate for the loss, paying the due price.
Enter any keywords such as "release, fish, and sheep" in any search engine, and you will get millions of search results. There are many examples of "release from Tibet", and the "misunderstanding" that Tibetans do n’t eat fish Especially noteworthy.
■ Not all Tibetans eat fish
Are fish really a common taboo for Tibetans? Excavation reports of Qugong ruins, "Tibet of the King of Tibet", "The Banquet of the Sages", and the ancient Tibetan medical literature "Long Volume" all contain archaeological evidence of the ancient Tibetans eating fish. Until now, most people in the village of Junba in the lower Lhasa River are still fishermen. This phenomenon is documented in the hit documentary Third Pole.
■ Few areas that do not eat fish due to the water burial tradition
The customs of water burial in some parts of the Tibetan area have also caused local residents to avoid eating fish. However, such areas are rare, and water burial is not universal.
■ Relaxing enthusiasm for choosing fish is often because of its high cost performance
Buddhism's advocacy of "not killing" has affected the Tibetan people's consumption of fish. Based on the same economic expenses, releasing fish can save more lives, and fish has become the main animal released by the Tibetan people. Although animals such as chickens, sheep, and cattle are also used for release.
Blind releases often cause "bad things"
■ In October 2015, releasers placed dozens of bags and thousands of kilograms of snail shells on the moat near the Yuejianglou Scenic Area in Nanjing. Due to the intensive release, a large number of snail shells died and the river water was stink.
■ In March 2016, the release of Tanghekou in Huairou, Beijing, paid a painful price, from the 380 blue foxes and lynxes just released, to surviving only more than 40 in the end.
■ In September 2016, a woman's release group spent a huge sum of 5.1 million yuan to buy 6,387 sheep from the slaughterhouse and release them to the western Sichuan grassland, which caused a big storm.
■ The local media has also "exposed". In July 2015, a large number of "releasing fish" died in the lower reaches of Changhaizi, Kangdingya Family Terrier.
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