People's Daily Online-Finance Channel January 12, 2020
According to the relevant data of the Fourth National Economic Census, the National Bureau of Statistics of China revised the gross domestic product (GDP) in 2018 in accordance with the accounting system and regulations. The results show that in the five years since the third national economic census in 2013, in the face of complex and ever-changing domestic and foreign environments, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as its core, and under the joint efforts of the people across the country, China The total economic volume has continued to reach new levels, the per capita gross national income has increased significantly, the proportion of the service industry has continued to rise, and emerging factors have contributed significantly to economic growth. To achieve the "Two Hundred Years" goal and the Chinese dream of great rejuvenation A solid step.
I. The economic aggregate has continuously reached a new level, and one third of the total has contributed to this five-year period.
The economic aggregate has continuously reached new levels. China's GDP in 2018 was 91.9 trillion yuan, which was achieved in three steps within five years. GDP was nearly 60 trillion yuan in 2013, more than 70 trillion yuan in 2016, more than 80 trillion yuan in 2017, and 91.9 trillion yuan in 2018. The time taken to connect three 10 trillion-level steps in five years has continued to shrink. As the steps continue to climb, the gap between the United States and the United States, which ranks first in the world, continues to narrow. In 2013, China's GDP was equivalent to 57.0% of the United States, and in 2018 it increased to 67.6%, which narrowed the gap by 10.6 percentage points. In the past five years, the average annual increase of China's total GDP has exceeded 6 trillion yuan, which is equivalent to the annual economic aggregate of the Netherlands.
The proportion of economic aggregate in the world continues to increase. In 2018, the proportion of China's GDP in the world increased from 12.4% in 2013 to 16.2%, an increase of 3.8 percentage points in five years. With the continuous increase of the proportion and the ability to maintain a rapid growth rate, China's economic growth has basically contributed more than 30% of the world's economic growth, becoming the most important economy to drive world economic growth. The proportion of China's GDP in the world is approaching the United States, which has the highest proportion in the world. In 2013, the proportion of China's GDP in the world was 9.3 percentage points lower than that of the United States, and the gap narrowed to 7.7 percentage points in 2018.
Five years contributed more than one-third to the economic aggregate. In 2018, China's total GDP increased by more than 30 trillion yuan compared with 2013, which is one-third of the total GDP of 2018. That is to say, more than 90 trillion yuan of GDP in 2018, one-third of this was Five years of contribution. This 90 trillion yuan was realized on the basis of long-term accumulation five years ago. Without long-term accumulation five years ago, GDP would not have reached more than 90 trillion yuan in these five years. But we must also clearly understand that these five years are a critical period of reaching more than 90 trillion yuan, especially in the face of complex and volatile domestic and foreign economic environments in these five years. The achievement in five years fully demonstrates that a series of major decisions taken by the Party Central Committee and the State Council since the 18th National Congress of the CPC are correct. It also fully demonstrates the huge potential of China's economic development, and it also fully demonstrates that China's economic development has great vitality.
2. Per capita national income has clearly increased, and the quality of people's living standards has continued to improve
Per capita gross national income has increased significantly. According to the revised GDP accounting, China's per capita gross national income was 65,762 yuan in 2018, an increase of 22,433 yuan over the 43,329 yuan in 2013, and an average annual increase of more than 4,000 yuan. Calculated in US dollars, China's per capita gross national income in 2018 was equivalent to 9,938 US dollars (calculated based on the average exchange rate for the year), an increase of 2942 US dollars from 6,699 US dollars in 2013, and it is still among the middle-income countries. In the ranking of the 192 countries (regions) per capita gross national income published by the World Bank, China ’s per capita gross national income increased from 91st place in 2013 to 70th place in 2018, and rose 21 places in five years.
The personal income of residents increased rapidly. In the past five years, the increase in China's per capita gross national income has been more reflected in the rapid growth of residents' personal income. In 2018, the per capita disposable income of Chinese residents was 28,228 yuan, an increase of 9,917 yuan over the per capita disposable income of residents in 2013, with an average annual actual growth of 7.1%. It is worth noting that in the past five years, the average annual per capita disposable income of rural residents increased by 7.4%, 1.2 percentage points faster than the actual average annual growth rate of 6.2% per capita of urban residents, and the income of urban and rural residents has become more balanced.
The quality of life of residents has improved significantly. Over the past five years, while the per capita gross national income has increased, the proportion of residents' food expenditures in total expenditures has continued to decline, and the Engel coefficient of urban residents has dropped from 30.1% to 27.7%, a drop of 2.4 percentage points. The Engel coefficient in rural areas decreased from 34.1% to 30.1%, a decrease of 4.0 percentage points. The number of major durable consumer goods continued to increase. In 2018, the number of cars per 100 households was 33.0, an increase of 16.1 units compared to 2013. The number of mobile phones per 100 households was 249.1 units, an increase of 45.9 units over 2013. The proportion of service consumption continued to increase. In 2018, the proportion of service consumption in household consumption expenditure was 49.5%, an increase of 2.9 percentage points from 2013. The per capita housing area of residents continued to rise. In 2018, the per capita housing area of urban residents was 39.0 square meters, an increase of 4.1 square meters over 2013, and the per capita housing area of rural residents was 47.3 square meters, an increase of 6.4 square meters compared with 2013.
3. The proportion of service industry continues to rise, and the effect of economic transformation and upgrading is obvious
The scale of the service industry is constantly expanding. These five years are the five years of great development of the service industry. In 2018, the added value of the tertiary industry was 489.1701 trillion yuan, an increase of more than 21 trillion yuan over 2013, of which nearly 42% of the volume was the result of the contributions made in these five years. With the continuous expansion of the scale, the proportion of the service industry continues to rise. In 2018, the proportion of the service industry in GDP was 53.3%, an increase of 6.4 percentage points from 2013. At the same time, the contribution of the service industry to economic growth has increased significantly. In 2018, the contribution rate of the service industry to economic growth reached more than 60%, with an average annual increase of 2.9 percentage points.
New industries, new formats and new models are booming. New models such as the platform economy and the sharing economy are rapidly emerging, and emerging industries are gaining momentum. In 2018, China ’s “three new” economic added value accounted for 16.1% of GDP, an increase of 1.3 percentage points from 2015. The rapid development of emerging industries has driven the rapid expansion of traditional retail and express delivery services. From 2014 to 2018, the average annual value added of the Internet and related services, the postal industry and the retail industry increased by 26.7%, 25.3%, and 9.8%, far higher than the average annual GDP of the same period. Growth. Online retail sales accounted for 18.4% of the total retail sales of consumer goods in 2018, an increase of 9.1 percentage points from 2014.
The high-tech industry is growing rapidly. Mass entrepreneurship and innovation continue to advance, R & D investment has increased rapidly, major breakthroughs have been made in technological innovation, and new economic growth points have emerged. In 2018, R & D expenditure was 1,967.8 billion yuan, a ratio of 2.14% to GDP, an increase of 0.14 percentage points from 2013. Computer, communications and other electronic equipment manufacturing industries with higher technological content, pharmaceutical manufacturing and automobile manufacturing have an average annual growth of 13.0%, 10.7% and 10.1% respectively.
Traditional industries are constantly being upgraded and optimized. Industrial transformation and upgrading continued, the pace of upgrading and upgrading of traditional industries accelerated, and positive progress was made in building a resource-saving and environment-friendly society. From 2014 to 2018, the value-added of chemical raw materials and chemical products manufacturing industries, non-metallic mineral products industries, and ferrous metal smelting and calendaring industries in high-energy-consuming industries increased by 4.5%, 5.4%, and 2.5%, respectively, at an average annual growth rate. The average annual growth rates of manufacturing value added were 2.1, 1.2, and 4.1 percentage points lower. The average annual added value of the waste resource comprehensive utilization industry increased by 9.4%, which was 2.8 percentage points higher than the average annual growth rate of the added value of the manufacturing industry. The energy consumption per unit of GDP in 2018 was reduced by more than 20% compared to 2013, and the overall efficiency of energy resource utilization was improved.
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