Business Daily January 12, 2020
Hunan Grain Group Port Logistics Area. Profile picture
Since the implementation of the high-quality grain project in 2017, it has covered 31 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities across the country, with a total investment of more than 75 billion yuan, of which nearly 20 billion yuan has been invested by the central government. By the end of the year, more than 4,500 have been implemented and more than 3,800 have been completed.
All regions take the high-quality food project as the carrier, seize the core competitiveness of the food industry, extend the industrial chain, enhance the value chain, build a supply chain, continuously improve the quality and efficiency of agriculture, and create new advantages for the development of the food industry.
The rapid rise of a number of grain and oil brands such as "Jilin rice", "Tianfu vegetable oil", "Shanxi millet", "Jingchu land" and "Sumi" has gradually solved the problem of insufficient high-quality grain supply in China. The high-quality food project has achieved remarkable results in the past three years. The food industry has gradually embarked on the road of high-quality development. The development trend of greening, high-quality, specialization, and branding has emerged, and the national food security level has been improved at a higher level. "We must adhere to the goal of high-quality development, in-depth implementation of high-quality grain projects, improve the quality and distribution efficiency of grain products, and better meet the people's demand for high-quality and diverse grain and oil products," said the head of the State Grain and Material Reserve Bureau.
The sound food project landed
In the past two years, the "Guangxi Fragrant Rice" brand has risen among the mountains and mountains in Guangxi, and has become a well-known national brand with the same food brands as Jilin Rice, Shanxi Xiaomi, Qilu Cereals and Oils. The relevant person in charge of the Guangxi Grain and Material Reserve Bureau said that Guangxi, based on regional conditions and advantages of grain resources, aimed at the “short board” such as the low-level industrialization of high-quality rice, lagging brand building, complex planting varieties, and inability to form scale advantages and brand benefits. Steady progress in high-quality grain projects, taking the “Guangxi Fragrant Rice” regional public brand construction as the starting point, guiding and driving farmers to adjust and optimize the grain planting structure, driving a group of leading grain industry enterprises to grow and develop, and striving to build a 100 billion yuan grain and oil industry in Guangxi, promote The high-quality development of the grain industry.
The high-quality grain project is a powerful carrier for achieving high-quality development of the grain industry. Since its implementation in 2017, it has covered 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities across the country, with a total investment of more than 75 billion yuan, of which nearly 20 billion yuan has been allocated by the central government. More than 8,000 high-quality food projects have been planned and constructed nationwide. As of the end of 2019, Implemented more than 4,500 and completed more than 3,800.
The construction of post-harvest food service system, the construction of grain quality inspection system, and the "China Good Grain and Oil" operation are the three main contents and important starting points for the implementation of high-quality grain projects. The three rely on each other, promote each other, and closely link together to serve grain production, distribution, and consumption, and to escort more and better provision of "quality food" to society.
In terms of the construction of post-production service system for grain, integrate the existing resources in the field of grain distribution, build a group of specialized operating post-production service centers for grain, and set up more than 5,000 post-production service centers in 26 provinces based on the reasonable local layout and allocation capabilities. It has completed more than 3,000 and planned to configure 600,000 sets of scientific grain storages for farmers, and has completed more than 400,000 sets. Provide cleaning, drying, storage, processing, sales and other extended services for farmers, and continue to play a role in promoting quality upgrades, saving grain and reducing losses, and increasing farmers' income.
In terms of the construction of a food quality and safety inspection and monitoring system, around the establishment of a national, provincial, city, and county four-level quality inspection and monitoring system, the monitoring coverage has reached the goal of about 60% of the grain producing counties. 30 provinces and the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps rely on food and materials. The reserve departments and universities have existing quality inspection institutions and enterprise inspection laboratories. They plan to construct more than 1,500 grain quality inspection projects and build nearly 400.
With regard to the implementation of the "China Good Grain and Oil" action plan, 29 provinces have planned 398 demonstration counties and 195 provincial-level demonstration enterprises, and arranged more than 1,300 projects. Closely linking from the "field to the table" link, promote the "five best linkage" of excellent grain, high yield, excellent purchasing, excellent storage, excellent processing, and excellent sales, and launched "Jilin Rice", "Qilu Grain and Oil", "Shanxi Millet", "Tianfu" A group of regional public brands with high visibility, reputation, and competitiveness, such as "vegetable oil" and "Jingchu Dadi".
The effective link between high-quality grain projects and the fight against poverty has been strengthened, which has played a significant role in helping farmers increase their income. In terms of projects and funding arrangements, it is inclined to focus on national key poverty alleviation and development counties and counties with special and concentrated difficulties. A total of more than 200 poor counties are included in the scope of implementation. Among them, 21 poor counties that support the central government and state agencies to provide assistance to the central government 3.1. 100 million yuan. For example, Guizhou Province implemented 7.2 million mu of special advantage grain and oil planting orders, generating 9.36 billion yuan in income for grain farmers, benefiting 1.15 million farmers, including nearly 300,000 poor households with an average income of 3100 yuan.
Promote green transformation of the food industry
The implementation of the high-quality food project is an important means to deepen agricultural supply-side structural reforms, improve the effective supply of green and high-quality food, meet the upgrading of consumer demand, and ensure the safety of food sources.
"Jilin Rice" is a well-known public brand in the grain region that Jilin Province strives to build, and it is the first shiny business card for agricultural brands in Jilin Province. A person in charge of the Jilin Provincial Grain and Material Reserve Bureau said that by vigorously implementing high-quality grain projects, it will accelerate the “five excellent linkage” of excellent grain, high yield, excellent purchasing, excellent storage, excellent processing, and excellent sales, and build rice “from the field to the dining table. "The whole industry chain. The average price of rice in the province has always been higher than the national minimum purchase price of more than 0.10 yuan per catty, and the production and sales of high-end rice have reached 1 million tons, achieving an increase of 1.5 billion yuan for farmers.
Like Jilin Province, many provinces regard high-quality grain projects as an important platform for accelerating agricultural supply-side structural reforms and a powerful carrier for vigorously developing the grain industry economy, and have adopted the "five excellent linkages" throughout the grain industry development process. High-quality grain sources are the basis for high-quality development of the grain industry. Accelerate the implementation of "good grain and high yield", support the demonstration enterprises and farmers to form a community of interests, adopt high-quality grain orders, planting base construction, land custody transfer, and other methods to carry out large-scale and intensive planting to achieve green and high-quality grain production , Characteristics, branding. Promote excellent grain and excellent storage, ensure the quality of high-quality grain storage, and enhance market bargaining power. Promote excellent food and Canada, vigorously develop green, nutritious and healthy grain and oil products, increase multi-level, diversified and personalized product supply, and improve the quality of supply. Promote excellent food and sales, and further expand the channels for production and marketing.
"Revolving around the" five excellent linkage ", the high-quality grain project is pushing the grain industry to continuously move towards a higher level and higher quality. The relevant person in charge of the State Food and Material Reserve Bureau said.
Create new advantages for the development of the grain industry
The low efficiency and low competitiveness of the grain industry are important reasons that affect the local initiative to grab grain and the farmers to grow grain. In recent years, various regions have taken high-quality food projects as the carrier to seize the core competitiveness of the food industry, extend the industrial chain, enhance the value chain and build supply chains, continuously improve the quality and efficiency of agriculture, create new advantages for the development of the food industry, and achieve food security and Modern and efficient agriculture are unified.
Luohe City, Henan Province is located in the country's main grain production area and national grain production core area, with an annual grain output of 1.8 million tons. In recent years, the city has vigorously developed the grain industry economy and expanded the grain industry cluster through investment promotion. The number of grain and oil processing enterprises above designated size has reached 105, with a processing conversion rate of 96% and a staple food industrialization rate of 60%. It has become a famous food city in China.
The person in charge of the State Grain and Material Reserve Bureau stated that the goal of a high-quality food project is to create a “integrated production, purchase, storage, and sales integration” of food from the field to the table through the “three-chain synergy” of the industrial chain, value chain, and supply chain. Industrial chain development model. Support and encourage leading grain enterprises to expand the supply of high-quality, nutritious and healthy grain and oil products, and accelerate the integration and development of the primary, secondary and tertiary industries.
Under the guidance of national policies, localities and enterprises have promoted whole-industry chain operations, intensive processing-led, commercial and logistics-led, staple food industrialization, and food recycling economy, etc., and accelerated their extension to the mid-to-high end of the industry and chain terminals. For example, Shandong Zhongyu Group relies on corporate talent strategy and "industry-industry-research" integration and innovation to form a scientific and technological innovation management, seed research and development, agricultural technology promotion, intelligent upgrade, informatization application, comprehensive utilization of waste, and product upgrade research and development system. The longest and most complete wheat closed-loop industrial chain in China.
Enhance the value chain, center on the high-quality development of the grain industry, rely on standards to lead to quality improvement, increase investment in science and technology, carry out product research and development, increase product added value, increase the supply of diversified grain and oil products, and cultivate a number of famous grain and oil products. For example, "Shanxi Xiaomi" leads the value enhancement by brand, sales of industrial alliance companies exceed 700 million yuan, radiation drives more than 30 poor counties, radiates more than 90,000 farmers, and drives farmers to increase their income by about 5,000 yuan.
Build a supply chain, rely on grain logistics hubs and channels, improve a multi-level grain trading market system, connect planting, processing, and consumption into an organic whole, and create a sales channel that integrates online and offline development. For example, Chongqing relies on the Yangtze River Golden Waterway to plan a grain and oil industry park, attracting large grain companies such as COFCO, Chongqing Grain Reserve Company, Yihai Kerry Group to settle in, giving full play to the advantages of large-scale industrial agglomeration, and forming a grain and oil supply chain centered on grain and oil processing enterprises .
In-depth promotion of quality food projects
The quality food projects are gaining momentum, the effects are constantly showing, and the effects are gradually enlarged. This year is the year when the quality food project is being implemented. Most of the projects will be effective this year, and it will also be the year when the results are more prominent. How to further promote the effective implementation of quality food projects?
The relevant person in charge of the State Grain and Material Reserve Bureau stated that it is necessary to adhere to the combination of top-level design and grass-roots innovation, encourage localities to adapt to local conditions, actively explore, and creatively promote the implementation of high-quality food projects. We must persist in summarizing, exploring, and perfecting while implementing, fully absorb the practices of grass-roots practices, improve the top-level design, enhance the pertinence of policies, and do not engage in “one size fits all”, leaving room for grassroots implementation of local conditions. Get the facts right. We must adhere to the problem-oriented, real supervision and real guidance, ensure that local projects comply with the direction of national support, ensure the safe and efficient use of financial funds, strictly implement supervision during and after the event, dare to take action, and promptly point out problems existing in implementation, and urge Act and reform. We must adhere to the typical demonstration and guidance, and constantly enlarge the implementation effect.
We must continue to increase our efforts and continue to strengthen measures to ensure that the target tasks are completed on schedule. The first is to further enlarge the implementation effect. Continue to adopt video conferencing and online monitoring of project libraries to strengthen project scheduling and speed up project implementation. The second is to further strengthen demonstration leadership. Continue to dig deep into typical examples, hold national quality food project site meetings in a timely manner, copy and promote good experiences and good practices, and give full play to the role of typical demonstrations. The third is to further increase publicity. Focusing on increasing the supply of high-quality grain and oil products, leading consumption upgrades, and realizing a series of scientific popularizations, such as changing from "full" to "good". The fourth is to further strengthen policy guidance and support. Adhere to the combination of following market rules and government guidance and support, further play the role of market players, highlight the "three-chain synergy" and "five excellent linkages", and enlarge and strengthen a group of companies with obvious advantages and characteristics, core competitiveness and industry-driven businesses. To promote the high-quality development of the grain industry, accelerate the construction of a strong grain industry, and serve the national food security strategy and rural revitalization strategy.
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