People's Network January 12, 2020
From 00:00 on January 1 this year, all 487 expressway provincial border toll stations in 29 interconnected provinces across the country (hainan and Tibet without toll roads) have been cancelled. At present, the network has been running for a week and some problems have occurred.
Some netizens responded that some toll stations were congested, and some car owners found that the tolls on the expressway were higher than before, especially the drivers of some large trucks said that the tolls had increased significantly. In response to these issues, a reporter from People's Daily interviewed relevant officials and experts from the Ministry of Transport and responded.
One question: Why are some highway toll gates blocked?
The abolition of toll stations at the provincial border of highways and the basic realization of ETC coverage are aimed at improving travel efficiency and reducing congestion at toll stations. However, some highway toll stations have congestion.
In this regard, Gu Zhifeng, director of the Road Network Management Division of the Highway Bureau of the Ministry of Transport, said in an interview with People's Daily that, first of all, the new system will be activated during the New Year's Day holiday, which will cause congestion during the peak travel period. Secondly, because the toll collection system has just been switched, some places are not very stable, and some abnormal toll fees have resulted in traffic congestion. Third, after the adjustment of the charging policy, some truck drivers do not know much about the policy and ask toll collectors. Relevant charging policies have led to congestion of the manual charging channels. "In general, since the zero-point expressway toll stations on the expressway were removed from the grid and connected to the grid on January 1, the national expressway network has been operating smoothly, and the toll stations have not caused large-scale congestion."
It is understood that after the online operation on January 1, the manual toll channel of each toll station decreased, resulting in vehicles without ETC can only use artificial lanes, resulting in congestion of highway toll stations. Gu Zhifeng said that in the process of station evacuation and grid connection, in addition to fixed manual and ETC channels, the Ministry of Transport also requires that at least one additional lane be reserved for each toll station in the direction of the entrance and exit to meet manual toll vehicles. Traffic needs to ensure the rapid passage of vehicles.
Second question: Why do some buses charge higher speeds than before?
"After canceling the toll station on the provincial border of the expressway, the toll collection method changed from the shortest path to the precise path, which reflects the principle of using more roads and charging more and using less roads and less charging." Gu Zhifeng said that a small number of vehicles should There may be some changes in the amount of transportation tolls, but under normal circumstances adjusting the charging method will not increase tolls. Since the toll standards for passenger cars have not changed, theoretically the amount of transportation tolls will not change.
Gu Zhifeng pointed out that in this reform, the toll models of 8-seater and 9-seater small passenger cars with a length of less than 6 meters are classified from the second category to the first category, and the tolls payable will also be relatively small. Significant decline.
Li Aimin, deputy director of the Academy of Highway Sciences of the Ministry of Transport, said that the cancellation of toll stations at the provincial border of the expressway was not abolition of tolls, but a change in charging methods through technical means. The purpose was to achieve fast payment of vehicles without parking. The billing method achieves accurate charging, and in actual operation, the vehicle's charging level will have some changes.
Li Aimin further introduced that before the toll stations at the provincial border of the expressway were cancelled, except for the expressways of Zhejiang, Guangdong, Sichuan and other provinces, which realized accurate toll collection and account settlement, most provinces adopted the shortest path toll collection for highway toll collection. In other words, no matter how far the road is actually taken, the toll is charged according to the shortest path between the start point and the end point. After canceling the toll station at the provincial border of the expressway, along the expressway, whenever there is a change in traffic volume (exit or entrance), a new door frame is newly built, and each door frame is responsible for collecting the cost of the road section where it is located to achieve In order to accurately charge by section, that is to say how much money to pay. As a result, tolls on vehicles that have travelled longer sections between two points will have an increase in tolls compared to those previously charged for the shortest route.
In addition, the rounding rules for rounding charges have also been adjusted from the original rounding to "0 yuan and 5 yuan" to rounding of ETC vehicles to "cents" and rounding of manual toll vehicles to "yuan". There is a drop. " Li Aimin said, for example, "Originally from Land A to Land B, multiplying the mileage rate based on the toll rate, the amount of the toll was 8 yuan, and the actual charge was rounded to 10 yuan. If the amount was 12 yuan, it would also be taken The whole charge is 10 yuan. After the station is withdrawn, it is 8 yuan and 8 yuan, and 12 yuan and 12 yuan. Compared with the original charging system, accurate billing is more accurate, fairer and more reasonable. "
In some provinces, downshift charges are imposed on passenger cars. For example, the second-class buses in Shanghai are charged according to the first-class buses, and the fourth-class buses in Guangdong Province are charged according to the third-class buses. The levels of corresponding buses in these regions have also been significantly reduced.
Question three: Why do some truck owners find that high-speed tolls are higher than before
After the provincial toll station on the expressway was cancelled, when the trucks passed the highway, the tolls were adjusted from weight-based to the number of axles (models). Some truck owners found that the tolls were higher than before.
"After the reform, the freight rate of trucks with a high load factor is significantly lower than before, but it may increase slightly in the no-load or half-load state." Gu Zhifeng told reporters that according to the new charging rules, the local charging standards are weighted by mileage. The average total freight and cargo quality is formulated as an important basis, and "two guarantees" are required: one is to ensure that the overall burden of truck tolls does not increase; the other is to ensure that the toll for the same tolled vehicle in the standard state is not greater than the weighted toll The amount of time.
Li Aimin said that when formulating the axle-based charging standards in various places, based on the weighted average result of the total cargo weight and mileage of all trucks in the province's highways in 2018, after charging according to the model, for the same axle type vehicle, regardless of the installation Install more and less, all implement the same charging standard.
Then the question comes. This adjustment clearly mentions "ensuring that the overall burden of truck tolls is not increased." Why do truck drivers feel the tolls have increased?
Gu Zhifeng said that the requirement of this adjustment is to ensure that the toll amount of each type of toll vehicle under standard loading is not greater than the toll amount of the original weight toll. The closer the various types of trucks are to standard loading, the more tolls will be saved compared to weight-based toll collection.
Gu Zhifeng pointed out that in order to ensure the implementation of the "two guarantees" principle, the Ministry of Transport organized efforts to carry out in-depth research and analysis of tariff adjustment plans in various places, urged localities to strictly implement them, and achieve at least a 10% reduction in freight charges compared to full load. Never allow any place to take the opportunity to raise the charge standard and increase the burden on trucks. "It is recommended that relevant enterprises strengthen their transportation organization and increase the actual load factor so as not to increase the toll burden."
In addition, on the basis of continuing to implement the “green channel” policy for the transportation of fresh agricultural products, the Ministry of Transport has issued a notice in conjunction with relevant departments, clearly requiring all places to comprehensively promote preferential rate policies and measures such as differentiated tolls on highways, to comprehensively improve vehicle traffic efficiency, Reduce the burden of vehicle tolls.
Question 4: Why should we adjust the toll collection method for trucks?
At the press conference of the Ministry of Transport held on May 28, 2019, Wu Chungeng, a spokesman for the Ministry of Transport, spoke about why adjustments were made to truck charging. He pointed out that with the continuous and in-depth development of China's supervising work in recent years, severe illegal overloading and overloading of expressways have been effectively curbed. Especially in the context of the current requirement to abolish the toll stations on the provincial border of highways and realize fast toll collection without stopping, continue to implement weighted tolls, and continue to use the previous operating mode, which is not conducive to the fast passage of trucks, reducing the efficiency of trucks, and affecting "no parking" Achieving the goal of "fast charging".
Therefore, the Ministry of Transport optimized and adjusted the truck charging method, and unifiedly adjusted the weight-based charging to the vehicle (axis) type charging.
"Most countries in the world use truck-based tolls to collect vehicle tolls, and changing the truck's billing method from weight-based to vehicle-by-axis (axis) tolling is not only conducive to the use of ETC by trucks, but also to achieve fast and fast traffic without stopping. It can also promote the logistics industry to speed up and increase efficiency. "Gu Zhifeng told reporters that before 2005, China also charged by model, and divided by truck toll according to the marked tonnage. There were many" large tonnage and small mark "phenomena, exceeding the limit and overloading. Phenomenon is frequent. After 2005, in order to curb the overload and protect the lives and property of the people and the safety of highway infrastructure, according to the unified deployment of the Ministry of Transport, China has gradually implemented toll collection for toll road trucks, but due to the need for parking and weighing, To some extent, it has affected the efficiency of trucks.
To this end, the Ministry of Transport, in accordance with the unified deployment of the State Council, guides localities in conjunction with relevant departments to optimize the adjustment of truck charging methods, and uniformly adjusts from weight-based charging to vehicle (axis) type charging. In order to ensure that the overall toll burden of trucks is not increased, the Ministry of Transport will guide localities to scientifically calculate and adjust truck toll rates in accordance with relevant regulations such as the "Toll Road Management Regulations" and to coordinate the maintenance of heavy and empty vehicles and highways. Legal rights of investors and investors and business managers.
Wu Chungeng pointed out that, while instructing local governments to adjust the charging method for trucks, the Ministry of Transport also deployed various localities to speed up the inspection of highway entrance weighing, strictly prohibit illegal and overloaded vehicles from entering the highway, and effectively protect the lives and property of the general public. .
"Ensure that the overall burden of truck tolls does not increase from a micro and operational level. For fully loaded vehicles, the toll will be significantly reduced." Li Aimin said that in order to achieve a smooth transition between the old and new charging methods, according to the Notice on the Implementation of the Toll Road System Reform to Cancel the Implementation Plan of Toll Stations on the Provincial Boundaries of the Expressway (Guobanfa  No. 23), the Ministry of Transport will issue special notices in conjunction with relevant departments to supervise and guide local governments in The weight-averaged mileage of a freight car is an important basis for calculating the toll rate. Toll rates are calculated to ensure that the overall burden of freight tolls is not increased, and that the same toll-type vehicle in the standard loading state should not exceed the toll when the toll is calculated by weight. Amount of fees.
Li Aimin pointed out that on the premise of not exceeding the limit and overloading transportation, the closer the various types of trucks are to the standard loading, the more tolls are saved when the weight is charged. Of course, for no-load and light-load vehicles, the fee may increase. Enterprises strengthen transportation organization and enjoy the policy bonus of adjusting billing methods by increasing the actual load factor.
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